It’s important to know how to eat a balanced diet, with the correct proportions of nutrients in every meal of the day. Ideally, you should consume 45-65% carbohydrates, 20-35% fats, and 10-35% protein in your diet. Unless you’re an elite athlete, you only need 45% of your diet to consist of carbohydrates. Eating healthy fats and proteins is much more beneficial to your health, so if you don’t need the extra carbohydrate for energy, you should increase the fat and protein portions of your diet.
When thinking of the macronutrient (carbohydrate, fat, and protein) portions in your diet, it’s important to incorporate the healthiest versions of these foods. Instead of eating white bread or pasta for your 45-65% of carbohydrate, try to incorporate grains like brown rice and quinoa. These foods have fiber and other nutrients, and are much closer to nature than processed carbohydrates like breads and pasta. When choosing fats to incorporate into your diet, aim for unsaturated fats that come from plants (like avocados, nuts, and legumes), rather than saturated or trans fats (from certain dairy products and sweets). Proteins should come from plants (like beans or green leafy vegetables), fish, or from non-hooved animals (like free-range chicken), rather than from red meats like steak or pork.
These percentages are simply a guideline, and different people have different needs, so while it’s important to consider these percentages to a certain extent, as long as you’re filling half of your meal plates with fruits and vegetables, you’re likely fitting the desired range of macronutrients quite well!